Root compression of nerve - Lower back injuries

Cervical nerve root compression occurs when a nerve becomes trapped; this happens as a result of damage to one or more of the discs that are located between the vertebrae in the neck. When the disc is damaged, it presses down on the nerve causing it to become compressed.

Causes of nerve compression

The most common causes of nerve compression are overuse injuries and trauma; overuse injuries are often progressive and get worse over time. Injuries that result from trauma are usually acute and happen as a result of falls, trips or accidents. Overuse injuries are common in sports players and those who have sedentary lifestyles which involve sitting in one position for long periods of time; poor posture can also contribute to lower back pain.

Symptoms of nerve compression

Common symptoms include burning and tingling sensations in the back and arms, pain, muscle spasms, swelling and a restricted range of movement. Pain may also stretch to the shoulders and neck.

Treatment for nerve compression

Often, treatment involves a combination of rest, ice or heat treatment, analgesic and anti-inflammatory medication and physiotherapy. Surgery is avoided due to the high risk associated with operating close to the spine. Steroid injections may be used to reduce pain and swelling quickly. Physiotherapy is often recommended to build strength, increase flexibility and condition the body in order to make it more resistant to injury in the future.

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