Subscapularis tear - Muscular Injuries

The subscapularis is one of the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff; it is the largest and most powerful of the rotator cuff muscles and is located at the front of the shoulder joint. A subscapularis tear occurs when the subscapularis tendon becomes damaged; this may result in a partial or complete tear.

Causes of subscapularis tears

The most common causes of subscapularis tears are overuse injuries and trauma; usually overuse injuries cause progressive tears, while trauma usually results in acute injuries.

Symptoms of subscapularis tears

Patients who suffer a subscapularis tear will usually experience localised pain at the front of the shoulder, as well as swelling and bruising. In addition to this, a patient will have difficulty moving their arms and lifting.

Treating a subscapularis tear

In many cases, surgery will be used to repair the tendon; however, in some cases a combination of rest, medication and physiotherapy will be sufficient to enable a full recovery. Surgery is usually used for active people and elite sports people; surgery is usually carried out by means of keyhole surgery.

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